January 1 The Prince sets out to visit his mother.
York shows the King a book which is banned on the 4th.
Lancelot Andrews, Bishop-elect of Winchester, is sworn in by the Chamberlain as Dean of the Wardrobe Chapel.
The Earl of Argyll, together with his wife Cornwallia, removes himself to Belgium, and thence to Spain.
Thunder in the evening.
8 The King has quit London for Theobalds, after first removing Viscount Wallingford as Master of Wards.
Lewis Stukeley, suspected of clipping gold coins, is committed to close custody.
His son flees, and is captured a little while afterwards.
Lionel Cranfield is appointed Master of Wards.
12 The most spacious and handsome dining hall in Westminster Palace burnt down, to everybody’s great fright, on the sixth day after the King attended a masque there. It appears to have been struck by lightning eight days ago, the fire breaking out first in the leaded roof. But this happended becaue of the sloth of the watchmen.
Thomas Earl of Lincoln died. His son Edward succeeded him.
Thomas Earl of Suffolk came to London, having been accused of extortion by threat of violence.
Baron Cobham, wretched and destitute, died, whose nearest heir was William Brook, son of the beheaded George. And indeed in 1610 (the seventh year of James’ reign) this William was restored to his bloodline with a cautionary clause that he should not seek his ancestral honor and the title of Baron Cobham, save with the King’s good leave. Cobham was buried at night at Cobham.
19 The painters, glaziers, and sculptors gathered at the College of Arms to learn of the new ordinations.
Uncertain rumors of a new fleet prepared in Spain, for which reason Baron von Danau, who had said his farewell to the King, was recalled.
Richard Wingfield, Marshal of the army in Ireland, was made Viscount of Powers Court under the Great Seal of Ireland.
There is a dispute over the form of proceding in the Star Chamber in the cause between the Countess of Exeter and Secretary Thomas Lake.
28 Quareles’ funeral. Book 14.9.6.
Some who had put up buildings in the city contrary to the proclamation were fined.
30 The house at Deptford of Thomas Smith, Governor of the East India Company etc., burned.
Charles Howard resigned the position of Admiral in favor of the Marquess of Buckingham.
Mervin, son of the jurisconsult dealt with Francis Howard for the office Vice-Admiral
February 1 The King returned to London.
2 A fair day.
Gabelleone came to the King as intermediary from Vittorio Amadeo, son of the [Duke of] Savoy, to settle affairs between the King and the King of France.
The King confers knighthood on Fortescue, John Osburn, Gaugton, Sutton, and William Pitts, recently Commissioners for the Fleet and for the ordering of domestic affairs.
3 The King was present in the Star Chamber to hear the trial between the Countess of Exeter and Thomas Lake.
5 In the Star Chamber the King heard the same cause until about 2 o’ clock.
I was in bad health.
6 [The King] visited the Queen at Hampton Court in the company of the Marquess of Buckingham.
The Earl of Notthingham surrendered to the King the office of Admiral.
The King publishes a meditation on a Sunday sermon, dedicated to the Marquess of Buckingham.
I indeed coughed blood, and twice fainted.
9 Likewise, and on the 10th. On the 11th I was bled of seven ounces.
13 Sentence against Thomas Lake was passed by the King and the Lords in the Star Chamber: fines were imposed on him, who had been sworn in as Secretary on January 3, 1616.
He, his wife, and Lady Roos his daughter were consigned to the Tower.
For preserving the honor of the late Admiral, the King confered on him the place and precedence of John Moubray, whom King Richard II had created Earl of Nottingham.
It should be noted that this sentence was passed on the 13th of February, while on February 12, 1616, the marriage of Baron Roos with Lake’s daughter was celebrated with great joy.
Bitter cold all month.
15. Thomas Lake, his wife, and his daughter Lady Roos were taken to the Tower, his seal and public documents taken away.
16 The King betook himself to Theobalds, when in place of Thomas Lake he had appointed as Secretary for himself George Calvert, the Clerk of the Council, of whose prudence and trustworthiness in great affars Secretary Robert Cecil had experience beginning in the year, and whose assistance the King had employed in many affairs, and he judged that he would be a great help to Robert Naunton his other Secretary.
22 Lancelot Andrews, Bishop of Ely, was translated to Wihchester.
The Order of the Holy Militia, in honor of the Virgin Mary, dedicated to persecuting the infidels and defending the Catholic religion, is founded by the Duc de Nièvre and others. The insignia of the order is an image of the Blessed Virgin embroidered on their robes.
Hugh Stukeley was released from prison, and his son, who clipped gold Jacobs, is pardoned.
It is said that the Emperor Matthias is dead.
March 1 At night, Queen Anne died of dropsy, after her son Charles had vijsited her, being forty-five years old.
William Sidley, Baronet, died, and was buried March 5.
3 Sir William Cooke, Clerk of the Court of Wards, died.
Winters, Master of Liff, died.
Review of the Fleet in St. George’s Field.
5 The Queen’s entrails, encased in a hexagonal container, are brought to Westminster by her servants at 8 p. m., and are deposited in the lower part of the chapel in which Queen Elizabeth is buried.
7 The Prince appeared on Sunday, and heard a sermon of the Bishops-elect of Coventry and Lichfield, to the surprise of many. But the King (who was clad, not in the customary royal purple, but in black) had commanded it.
The Bishop of Chester was translated to Coventry, and the Bishop of Bristol to the See of Ely.
John Panton died.
8 The Queen’s corpse is brought at night to Somerset House by her people.
Richard Burbage, a second Roscius, died.
10 Matthew, the Roman Emperor, has died.
18 A little son is born to Edward Villiers.
19 Horse race at Newmarket. And when the King lingered at Newmarket to see it and was late in departing, he was obliged by ill health to turn in to a household at Wichforbridge, and arrived at Royston late at night.
22 The Prince came to greet his father, and soon many nobles, moved by rumor of the King’s ill health.
24 Robert Rich, newly created Earl of Warwick, died.
News of the Emperor’s death is broutht.
Watchfires were rashly lit throughout Kent, since they caught sight of a fire in Sussex with which the peasants burn their hedge-loppings this time of year.
28 The recuperating King celebrates Easter at Royston, and to him the Peers have come flocking.
29 Charles Fotherby, Dean of Canterbury and likewise Archdeacon, has died.
At this time the convalescing King conferred the honor of Earl of Kelley on Thomas Areskine Viscount Fenton, and the honor of Earl of Melrose on Baron Binning.
Aprilis *** The daughter of the Earl of Leicester has married *** Smith, son and heir of John Smith of Ostenhanger.
3 The Privy Councellors who had gathered to visit the King, returned, having been reasssured of his convalescence.
4 The King was in poor health from eating mutton, as they say, so much that he was driven to vigorous vomiting to spew it forth.
5 The Scotsman Alexander Earl of Hume departed this life at Westminster. He had marred, daughter of Baron Dudley, as his second wife, by whom he fathered children.
A duel was fought between Henry Rich, Captain of the Guard, and Eire, a pensioner, both lightly wounded.
The Archbishop of Canterbury laid the first stone, George Moore and Stoughton the second and third, at the commencement of a hospital at Guildford, which the Archbishop had founded, now to be constructed.
7 Fasting and prayers in Holland about the successful conclusion of the national synod.
8 Edward Villiers’ son was baptized. The godfathers were Christopher Viliers and John Wentworth.
11 In a sermon delivered at St. Paul’s Cross, the Bishop of London offered thanks to God for the restored health of the King, whom he celebrated with well-deserved praises, and in particular for justice equitably dispensed to every man. For the King said in the Star Chamber, that even if he suffered from other human frailties, nevertheless he has had a sincere reverence for justice, nor does he have cause to ask forgiveness from God for his injustice.
12 The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London paid a call on the King.
John Williams, lately an estate-owner of Kent, is detected as having been the author of a libellous pamphlet published several years ago, for which Cotton had been held suspect and clapped in the Tower.
16 The Earl of Bridgewater paid me a visit.
At this time Isaac Wake, the King’s Ambassador to Savoy, was honored with a knighthood and handsomely rewarded, and sent back with a pension.
21 The King returned to Warham in a litter, and on the following day was driven to Theobalds in a carriage.
St. George’s Day, or the day of the Order of the Garter, is postponed to the 26th.
Complaints are lodged against Thomas Smith, Governor of the East India, Virgina, and Bermudas Companies, that he has acted in bad faith, so much so that they thought of coopting Edwin Sandys and demanded an account of [Smith’s] expenses and the money gained by lottery. Afterwards he was removed from the Virginia and Bermudas Company.
Complaints against the Chancellor are also lodged with the King.
The Earl of Suffolk, lately Treasurer and afterwards examined for corruption, obtained permission to return to Walden to recuperate his health, but his wife was unable to obtain this.
The fanatic Wykes feigned that he had been shown revelations, and denounced the King in threatening wise, for which reason he was committed to Bedlam as a madman.
William Lake, secretary to Thomas Lake, was put in custody, because he attempted to pass secret letters to Lady Roos, and to make his escape when accused by Lady Roos’ custodian.
30 The Earl of Southampton was taken onto the Privy Council in the Star Chamber. On which day Metcalfe was fined.
May 1 The Marquess of Tremouille, of the family of the Ursini, the Ambassador from the French King, is received by the Earl of Essex at Gravesend and escorted to London.
2 I went outdoors after a lengthy illness.
3 [The Marquess] is escorted by the Marquess of Buckingham to the King at Theobalds, where he is lavishly entertained.
John Williams, previously mentioned, is condemned for treason at the King’s Bench, and executed on the 5th.
On the same 3rd of the month Olden Barneveldt is beheaded at the Hague in Holland.
4 Charles Manwood, son of Sir Peter Manwood, is killed by Milo Heidon [or Miles Heydon?] in a duel in Brabant.
Letitia, wife of Arthur, said to be the natural daughter of Charles Blunt Earl of Devonshire and Penelope Lady Rich, dies of the French pox.
James Viscount Doncaster is sent as Ambassador to Germany.
7 Three sons of Mussé in Britainy visit me at their father’s behest.
The English prelates return home from the national synod at Dordrecht.
Overall, Bishop of Norwich, by far the most learned, died. George Carleton and the Bishop of Chicester and others vie for his vacant See. Chichester prevails, and Carleton is transferred to Chichester.
George Mountagne, Bishop of Lincoln, is made King’s Almonder in place of Winchester, who resigned grudgingly.
7 Queen Anne’s funeral is performed, at which time a lettered young man is killed by the fall of the letter S from the roof of Northampton House.
An accidental fire in Ireland consumed 800 structures at Limerick, 110 at Kilkenny, and many at Clonmelly, Cork, and Fedart.
The King of Spain is visiting the King of Portugal.
20 Tremouille the French ambassator is entertained by Lennox with a banquet at Whitehall.
21 He departs London.
Arrangements are being made for a marriage between the heir of *** Chichester, a niece of the Countess of Bedford on her sister’s side, and the son of Marquess Hamilton.
25 St. George’s day is celebrated at Greenwich.
26, 27 Absent (in addition to four foreigners, namely the King of Denmark, Ulrich Hols, the Prince of Orange, and the Palatine Elector) were Nottingham, Northumberland, Derby, Somerset, Exeter, Marr, and Suffolk.
No scrutiny was performed, since no place was vacant.
Clifford bore the sowrd.
Arther Lake was imprisoned.
The King departed for Theobalds.
It is noised abroad that the Marquess Hamilton has been promoted to the title of Earl of Cambridge, Esmé Stuart of Aubigny to that of Earl of March and Baron Leyton, John Villiers to that of Viscount Purbeck and Baron Stoke, and his sister Elizabeth, Edward Coke’s wife, to the honor of Viscountess Westmorland, but she refused to purchase it at such a high price.
30 I received a letter from the Heralds against Vincent and Phillpot.
June 1 The King returned from Theobalds to Westminster, with the citizenry congratulating him on his restored health, and was received with great pomp in the midst of frequent and horrible thunder and, in some places, hail.
Houses burnt at Charleton next to Greenwich, and there were downpours of rain at Writlemarsh.
This month Marquess Hamilton is created Earl of Cambridge and Baron Everdale in Wales. Esmé Stuart of Daubigny is Earl of March and Baron of Leyton, and John Villiers Viscount Purbeck and Baron of Stoke, through patent letters delivered, with no investiture.
3 Frequent lightning in the morning, and horrendous thunder, lightning, and virtually continuous downpours from 3 p. m. to 6 p.m. in Kent, but this was not audible at London.
I wrote to Garter and Norroy Kinsg of Arms about Vincent and Philpot.
Ambassador from the Duke of Lorraine.
I set out for Greenwich, and thence to London.
Parker, Clerk of the Star Chamber, was incarcerated, because he acted in bad faith in examining Lady Roos.
Arthur Lake is placed in custody because of a slanderous pamphlet.
13 At the King’s bidding all the Privy Councellors partake of the Eucharist at Greenwich, to display their mutual charity.
John Baron Hollis of Houghton is imprisoned for his malicious inquiry into the life of Edward Coke and other acts of contempt, his wife Elizabeth Coke striving in vain.
His accomplice Astley, a Sergeant at Law, is likewise imprisoned.
The Earl of Ormond is placed in custody for refusing to abide by the King’s decision about the lands adjudicated to Baron Dingwell.
The Countess of Bedford is ill with the measles (?).
18 Courtin and some other Belgian merchants are accused in the Star Chamber of having illegally exported gold by wonderful devices, such as hollowed-out anchors. They are fined a hundred thousand pounds, after their case had been heard for several days.
19 The King celebrates his birthday.
Thomas Lake is told in the Star Chamber that he must make a public confession that the sentence brought against him was just, and that he has inflicted an injury upon the Countess of Exeter.
22 At Wanstead the King is entertained by Henry Mildmay, Master of the Revels.
Thomas Lake refues to subscribe to an acknowledgement of his slanders against the Countess of Exeter, and likwise his wife, even if his daughter Lady Roos confessed that those slanders about incest with Lady Roos, poisoning, and requests for forgiveness for crimes were inventions written by Arthur Lake and copied by Hobbie, Lady Roos’ maid, with her father and mother accomplices.This is adjudged the height of contempt against his Royal Majesty.
25 The King is entertained by Sir Thomas Watson at Hawstead together with the Prince, the Earl of Montgomery, and Baron Sheffield.
26 The King hunts at the manor of Nicolas Stoddar near Nottingham.
27 The King observes Sunday at Greenwich.
28 He pays a visit to the Earl of Exeter at Wimbleton.
29 On St. Peter’s Day, the King attends an early morning sermon at Greenwich. After dinner he hunts at Mortlake Park.
30 The King quits Greenwich for Oatlands.
I was present at Court, and heard news about the Duke of Ossuni’s defection, the beheading of the Marquess St. Croix, the Ambassador of the Queen Mother being mistreated by the Ambassador of the King at Rome, and being sent back to France secretly. The Pope took this with indignation and placed the King’s Ambassador in custody because he dared do this within the Pope’s jurisdiction. The Archbishop of Spalato has heard these things from his friends in Italy.
I wrote to James Usher and Henry Bourchier in Ireland.
Field is promoted to the vacant See of Llandaff.
July 1 Six German noblemen visited me, in whose souvenier albums I wrote my name as a token of my affection.
7 The King comes from Windsor to Westminster.
On July 7 a letter from the Earl of Arundel is given me, against Philpot. I wrote back to the Earl. On the 9th Philpot came to me. On the 9th he was going (?) to the Earl.
10 The King has departed for Wansted, to hunt.
13 The King is said to have visited Somerset House and London City Hall, to offer congratulations on the marriage of the Lord Mayor’s daughter to John Villiers.
Lord Dingwall is created Earl of Desmond, by right of his wife.
The Duke of Lennox is despatched to Scotland.
14 Thunder from noon.
15 St. Swithen’s day rainy, the Asses and the Stall rising in the heaven.
Thomas Lake the late Secretary is to be freed from prison and handed over to the custody of his brother the Bishop of Bathand Wells. Lady Roos his daughter is freed also. But he prefers to live in the Tower a while longer to arrange his private affairs.
Henry Wotton has returned from his Venetian embassy out of an empty hope of gaining the Secretary’s position.
The controversy between the Dutch and the English of the East India Company about navigation and fishing rights off Greenland is settled by the King, and the Dutch delegates are honored with knighthoods at Theobalds.
The King begins his progress to Royston, on the same day the Marquess of Buckingham visits the Fleet.
A son is born to the Earl of Salisbury, whose godparents are the Prince and Marquess of Buckingham. Donato, Ambassador of the Venetian Republic, proscribed by the Republic because of money embezzled at Savoy, nevertheless lives at London in security. Henry Parker Clerk of the Star Chamber is restored to liberty, after having twice been incarcerated for the same reason.
Made Baronets:
William Villiers, eldest brother of the Marquess of Buckingham.
James Lee, Attorney of the Court of Wards
Hix, son of Michael Hix.
Mary Crofton did public penance at St. Martin’s in the Fields for slanders against the Countess of Exeter.
At this time Smith, son of Thomas, Governor of the East India Company, who in the previous November had marred the natural daughter of Charles Blount without procuring her father’s consent, removed himself from England without consulting his father or his fwife.
Marquess Hamilton and the Earl of Pembroke begin a journey to Scotland.
The Viscount of Hadington, because of a grudge against Viscounts Fenton and Doncaster, and because the King failed to satisfy his wishes in all things, retired from the kingdom with the King’s good leave, ordered to return when recalled.
31 Proclamation about examining the gold coinage and minting new coins of lesser value, and to have the scales adjusted by the Master of the Mint before the end of September.
All this month itinerent beggars have been praising the virtues of the waters near Frant, a hamlet of Sussex within the confines of Kent, and so many invalids of every social rank have flocked there. The water is acid and tastes of vitriol.
August 3 Dorothy Countess of Northumberland, after the resolution of a rift with her husband about the betrothing of their daughters, peacefully departed this life at Sion.
I set out for London.
7 I returned to Chesilhurst
Inquiry into the corruption of the Earl of Suffolk, our late Treasurer.
A son was born to the Earl of Montgomery.
Thomas Ratcliff, second son of the Earl of Sussex, a handsome lad of scarce nineteen years, has dies, his body worn out by venery.
13 I dined with the Recorder of London at the Temple.
Marriage between Secretary Robert Naunton and the widow of Walter Lowrey, the daughter of Thomas Perrott by Dorothy, daughter of Walter Earl of Essex.
15 New from Germany about Ferdinand being elected Emperor, and the Palatine Elector being elected King of Bohemia by themselves on the 25th of August in both forms, and of Bethelen Gabor Vaivod of Transylvania being elected King of Hungary.
September 3 The King comes to Windsor.
Golden money has appeared with his laurel-wreathed head, hence they are immediately called “laurels” by the masses. They are of various values, namely 20 shillings (exchangable with 20 [i. e., presumably, shillings of other coinage]), 10 with 10, and 5 solidi with 5.
Baroness Roos was given into the custody of Dillington, a pensioner on the Isle of Wight.
7 I entertained the Dean of Westminster at Chesilhurst.
8 My portrait fell, without damage. May it be a good omen!
9 The King dines at Greenwich, hastily making his way to Wansted.
10 Sir Christopher Hatton who, when William Newport had been adopted into the Hatton family by Hatton the deceased Chancellor whom he succeeded, died of gluttony, was buried at night at Westminster.
Letters from Peirescius about Henry Spelmann’s Lexicon.
Dominus Williams, chalpain to Lord Egerton the Chancellor, made Dean of Salisbury in place of Gordon Scott, lately deceased, resigned in exchanged for a donative in Wales and Rectorship of the Chapel at Savoy, which had belonged to the Archbishop of Spaleto, an annual pension of £100 from Moline the French Ambassador, and the Rectorship of ***.
An investigation was made into the servants of the Household, and several were removed from their place.
Sir John Whitbrook was killed in the Fleet Prison by Boughton.
October *** Frequent bearers of news about affairs in Bohemia, and rumors that the Palatine Elector and his consort have been crowned.
Samuel Daniel, an excellent poet and historian, died.
Ambassador from the Duke of Savoy.
12 Courtin, a Belgian and Bourlomacco, an Italian, are fined in the Star Chamber for the transportation of gold and silver out of the realm, and of bribery in altering the testimonies brought against them.
I have been suffering with catarrh.
20 The Earl of Suffolk, lately the Treasurer of England, and his wife are haled into the Star Chamber about embezzlement of monies for the the royal Revels, about diversion of funds designated for artillery, the Fleet, Irish affairs, and alum-manufacturing, and extortion of money from royal servants and beneficiaries.
John Bingley is likewise accused of these things.
By means of an advocate they deny each of these things, and demand the proofs be produced, which began to happen on the 21st.
Simon Digby has returned from Spain with letters.
The Bishop of Lincoln entertained the King most lavishly at his palace at Bugden.
Baron Sheffield lost his case in his sute against Radcliffe of the manor of Molgrave in Yorkshire, on the strength of a transcription or entail made in the past.
The case of the Earl of Suffolk is aired again in the Star Chamber.
November 1 The King celebrates the Feast of All Saints at Westminster.
3 The Earl of Suffolk’s case is defended for two days.
5 The Bishop of Lincoln delivers a learned sermon on the anniversary of the Papist plot.
7 Nicholas Forman commits suicide.
8 The case of John Bingley is defended by his advocates in the Star Chamber.
The King dines at Greenwich, and christens ships about to be launched, one the Happy Entrance, the other the Constant Reformation.
News that the English have defeated the Dutch in East India. An English ship returned with Indian wares.
9 The King set out from Theobalds after the sermon, intending to go to Newmarket.
Proclamation granting a tobacco monopoly to Francis Nicholls, Jasper Leeke, and Philip Eden.
The Scotsman James Balfouir is created Baron of Castle Stuart.
10 The case of the Earl of Suffolk is debated, and likewise on the 12th.
13 The Earl of Suffolk and his wife are fined £30,000 and are to be imprisoned in the Tower of London at the King’s pleasure.
John Bingley is fined £2000, and imprisoned in the Fleet at the King’s pleasure.
15 Ambrose Brunt, a highly learned Belgian and a student of Lipsius, visits me.
19 Day the attorney, who dealt fraudulently with merchants, is punished in the stocks.
20 The Earl of Suffolk and the Countess his wife are clapped in the Tower of London.
Sir Edmund Withipol died having been cut for the stone. Theophilus Finch, Baronet, died.
26 The Earl of Suffolk is granted his liberty, and Bingley too, under certain conditions.
On St. Andrew’s Day we convened in the College of Arms, and a distribution was made.
30 Deep snow.
December 2 Everything bright with snow.
2 The ice is melting.
4 Jacob Fletzert of Nuremburg visited me, and I wrote my name in his souvenier album.
7 Foreign merchants are fined £33,000.
9 Albert Morton arrived at London with news that Frederick the Palatine Elector and his wife have been crowned King and Queen of Bohemia, and commemorative coins of them are circulating in which the inscription By The Grace Of God is omitted, hence it somebody wittily, not rashly, said It is not surprising, since they were elected by grace of the people.
21 At Prague a son was born to Fredrick, King of Bohemia, whose name is Rupert in memory of Emperor Rupert I of the Elector’s family.
23 A son, is born to Theophilus Howard of Walden, at the time he was to be removed as Master of Pensioners, and indeed he was removed, as his brother was as Master of the Prince’s Horse.
On Christmas Day almost all of the Privy Councellors who were present at Court partook of the Eucharist after the first sermon, and the King with the Prince after the second.
Consultations about monetary affairs, in which goldsmiths, merchants, and officials of the Mint were given a hearing.

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